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Difference Between New York Prison and Federal Prison

What is the Difference Between Federal Prison and New York State Prison?

A prison is an institution that confines persons who have a remand imposed by a judicial authority or are deprived of liberty because of a criminal conviction. Felony or misdemeanor offenses usually qualify for an incarceration sentence. In the state of New York, the Department of Corrections and Community Supervision has the charge of managing state prisoners in custody for the duration of their sentence. In essence, the agency is responsible for convicts under state law.

The Federal Bureau of Justice operates a criminal justice system at the federal level. Persons found guilty of contravening federal criminal laws are served sentences in confinement. The Federal Bureau of Prisons enforces these sentences by containing the convicts in standard facilities across the federation. Although state and federal correctional institutions are alike in principle, they differ in many ways:

  • State prisons are under the sole administration of the New York state government. Federal Prisons are under the management of the federal authorities. They do not share facilities unless a federal prisoner is in transit and must be kept in state prison.
  • State prisons in New York are likely to be more populous because of the reality of misdemeanor offenses that may warrant imprisonment. This adds to the overall caseload of the prison facilities. Federal prisons are limited to only federal crimes, usually misdemeanors.
  • The day-to-day operations and guidelines for correctional institutions at each level are based on the underlying law's guidelines. It means that the management of state correctional facilities is based on New York State laws, while federal prisons are based on federal law.
  • Most prisoners in state correctional institutions enjoy the possibility of parole upon good behavior. The Sentencing Reform Act of 1984 eliminated the possibility of parole in federal correctional institutions. At its best, incarcerated persons can look forward to reduced terms.
  • The construct of the state definitions of crimes and misdemeanors (violent and property crimes) selects violent convicts; hence, state prisons may contain more dangerous prisoners than federal prisons. Federal law definitions usually select less violent criminals, such as persons charged for white-collar crimes.

The New York Prison System

The New York Department of Corrections and Community Supervision is a holistic incarceration, parole, probation, and community supervision system. There is also the component of reparative programs that aim to assist the inmate in reintegrating back into the community upon completing their term. The agency provides meals, accommodation, training, and healthcare needs to incarcerated persons. Families and friends have the opportunity to maintain communication and send packages to their loved ones in prison.

How to Lookup an Inmate in New York

Interested parties can get New York inmate records or information about an inmate by using the electronic database of inmates available on the agency website. There are 54 prison facilities across the state of New York. Here are their names, address links, and counties where they are located:

Adirondack Correctional Facility
196 Ray Brook Rd
P.O. Box 110
Ray Brook, NY 12977
Phone: (518) 891-1343

Moriah Shock Incarceration Correctional Facility
75 Burhart Lane
P.0. Box 999
Mineville, NY 12956
Phone: (518) 942-7561

Albion Correctional Facility
3595 State School Rd
Albion, NY 14411
Phone: (585) 589-5511

Orleans Correctional Facility
3531 Gaines Basin Road
Albion, NY 14411-9199
Phone: (585) 589-6820

Altona Correctional Facility
555 Devils Den Road
P.O. Box 3000
Altona, NY 12910-3000
Phone: (518) 236-7841

Clinton Annex
1074 Rt. 374
P.O. Box 2000 (Inmate Mail: P.O. Box 2002, Zip 12929)
Dannemora, NY 12929

Clinton Correctional Facility
1156 Rt. 374
P.O. Box 2000 (Inmate Mail: P.O. Box 2001, Zip 12929)
Dannemora, NY 12929-2000
Phone: (518) 492-2511

Attica Correctional Facility
639 Exchange St
Attica, NY 14011-0149
Phone: (585) 591-2000

Wyoming Correctional Facility
3203 Dunbar Road
P.O. Box 501
Attica, NY 14011-0501
Phone: (585) 591-1010

Auburn Correctional Facility
135 State Street
Inmate Mail: P.O. Box 618, Zip 13021
Auburn, NY 13024-9000
Phone: (315) 253-8401

Bedford Hills Correctional Facility
247 Harris Road
Bedford Hills, NY 10507-2400
Phone: (914) 241-3100

Bare Hill Correctional Facility
181 Brand Rd
Caller Box #20
Malone, NY 12953-0020
Phone: (518) 483-8411

Franklin Correctional Facility
62 Bare Hill Road
P.O. Box 10
Malone, NY 12953-0010
Phone: (518) 483-6040

Upstate Correctional Facility
309 Bare Hill Road
P.O. Box 2000
Malone, NY 12953
Phone: (518) 483-6997

Bedford Hills Correctional Facility
247 Harris Road
Bedford Hills, NY 10507
Phone: (914) 241-3100

Sing Sing Correctional Facility
354 Hunter Street
Ossining, NY 10562
Phone: (914) 941-0108

Taconic Correctional Facility
250 Harris Road
Bedford Hills, NY 10507
Phone: (914) 241-3010

Bedford Hills Correctional Facility
247 Harris Road
Bedford Hills, NY 10507
Phone: (914) 241-3100

Watertown Correctional Facility
23147 Swan Road
Watertown, NY 13601
Phone: (315) 782-7490

Collins Correctional Facility
Middle Road
P.O. Box 490 (Inmate Mail: P.O. Box 340, Zip 14034-0340)
Collins, NY 14034
Phone: (716) 532-4588

Gowanda Correctional Facility
South Road
P.O. Box 350 (Inmate Mail: P.O. Box 311, Zip 14070-0311)
Gowanda, NY 14070
Phone: (716) 532-0177

Wende Correctional Facility
3040 Wende Road
Alden, NY 14004
Phone: (716) 937-4000

Coxsackie Correctional Facility
11260 Route 9W
P.O. Box 200 (Inmate Mail: P.O. Box 999, Zip 12051-0999)
Coxsackie, NY 12051
Phone: (518) 731-2781

Greene Correctional Facility
165 Plank Road
P.O. Box 8 (Inmate Mail: P.O. Box 975, Zip 12051-0975)
Coxsackie, NY 12051
Phone: (518) 731-2741

Downstate Correctional Facility
121 Red Schoolhouse Road
P.O. Box 445 (Inmate Mail: Box F, Zip 12524)
Fishkill, NY 12524
Phone: (845) 831-6600

Fishkill Correctional Facility
18 Strack Drive
(Inmate Mail: 271 Matteawan Road, P.O. Box 1245)
Beacon, NY 12508
Phone: (845) 831-4800

Great Meadow Correctional Facility
11739 State Route 22
P.O. Box 51
Comstock, NY 1282
Phone: (518) 639-5516

Eastern NY Correctional Facility
30 Institution Rd
P.O. Box 338
Napanoch, NY 12458
Phone: (845) 647-7400

Ulster Correctional Facility
750 Berme Road
P.O. Box 800
Napanoch, NY 12458
Phone: (845) 647-1670

Wallkill Correctional Facility
50 McKendrick Road
P.O. Box G
Wallkill, NY 12589
Phone: (845) 895-2021

New York
Edgecombe Residential Treatment Facility
611 Edgecombe Avenue
New York, NY 10032
Phone: (212) 923-2575

Elmira Correctional Facility
1879 Davis St
P.O. Box 500
Elmira, NY 14901
Phone: (607) 734-3901

Southport Correctional Facility
236 Bob Masia Drive
P.O. Box 2000
Pine City, NY 14871
Phone: (607) 737-0850

Five Points Correctional Facility
6600 State Route 96
Caller Box 400 (Inmate Mail: Caller Box 119)
Romulus, NY 14541
Phone: (607) 869-5111

Willard Drug Treatment Campus
7116 County Route 132
P.O. Box 303
Willard, NY 14588
Phone: (607) 869-5500

St. Lawrence:
Gouverneur Correctional Facility
112 Scotch Settlement Road
P.O. Box 370
Gouverneur, NY 13642
Phone: (315) 287-7351

Moriah Shock Incarceration Correctional Facility
75 Burhart Lane
P.0. Box 999
Mineville, NY 12956
Phone: (518) 942-7561

Riverview Correctional Facility
110 Tibbits Drive
P.O. Box 158
Ogdensburg, NY 13669
Phone: (315) 393-8400

Great Meadow Correctional Facility
11739 State Route 22
P.O. Box 51
Comstock, NY 12821
Phone: (518) 639-5516

Washington Correctional Facility
72 Lock Eleven Lane
P.O. Box 180
Comstock, NY 12821
Phone: (518) 639-4486

Groveland Correctional Facility
7000 Sonyea Road
P.O. Box 50
Sonyea, NY 14556
Phone: (585) 658-2871

Hale Creek ASACTC
279 Maloney Road
(Inmate Mail: P.O. Box 950)
Johnstown, NY 12095
Phone: (518) 736-2094

Hudson Correctional Facility

50 East Court Street
P.O. Box 576
Hudson, NY 12534
Phone: (518) 828-4311

Lakeview Shock Incarceration Correctional Facility
9300 Lake Avenue
P.O. Box T
Brocton, NY 14716
Phone: (716) 792-7100

Marcy Correctional Facility
9000 Old River Road
P.O. Box 5000 (Inmate Mail: P.O. Box 3600)
Marcy, NY 13403
Phone: (315) 768-1400

Mid-State Correctional Facility, Mohawk Correctional Facility
9005 Old River Road, P.O. Box 216
Inmate Mail: P.O. Box 2500
Marcy, NY 13403
Phone: (315) 768-8581

Otisville Correctional Facility
57 Sanitorium Road
Otisville, NY 10963
Phone: (845) 386-1490

Queensboro Correctional Facility
47-04 Van Dam Street
Long Island City, NY 11101
Phone: (718) 361-8920

Rochester Correctional Facility
470 Ford Street
Rochester, NY 14608
Phone: (585) 454-2280

Shawangunk Correctional Facility
200 Quick Road. P.O. Box 750
Inmate Mail: P.O. Box 700
Wallkill, NY 12589
Phone: (845) 895-2081

Sullivan Correctional Facility
325 Riverside Drive
P.O. Box 116
Fallsburg, NY 12733
Phone: (845) 434-2080

Woodbourne Correctional Facility
99 Prison Road
P.O. Box 1000
Woodbourne, NY 12788
Phone: (845) 434-7730

New York County Jails

County jails are temporary custody facilities reserved for persons arrested by the local police or awaiting trial in the state courts. These facilities provide for persons sentenced for misdemeanor offenses, usually short-term (less than one year) - most of these facilities house female and female inmates. Persons serving time have the opportunity to be exposed to learning skills and educational programs that can help facilitate their reintegration into the community. A list of jail facilities in New York is available on the state website for persons interested in contacting a facility.

How Does the Federal Prison System Work?

The Federal Bureau of Prisons is a nationwide network of incarceration facilities reserved for federal prisoners. The facilities are classified into minimum, low, medium, high, and administrative security levels. This classification makes provisions for the whole spectrum of violence in prisoners. The inmate locator tab is helpful for inmate search across any of the facilities, using the name or number search. Number searches are more accurate because each inmate has a unique, non-duplicate I.D. There are five federal correctional institutions under the NorthEast Region in New York:

Metropolitan Correctional Center (MCC)
150 Park Row
New York, NY 10007

Residential Reentry Management Field Office (RRM)
100 29th Street
Brooklyn, NY 11232

FCI OtisVille
Two Mile Drive
Otisville, NY 10963

Federal Correctional Center (FCI), RayBrook
128 Ray Brook Road
Ray Brook, NY 12977

Metropolitan Detention Center (MDC), Brooklyn
80 29th Street
Brooklyn, NY 11232